posted on Nov. 11, 2003
PNAC Signatories:
Connecting (Some of) the Dots


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Leading PNAC signatory William Kristol was chief of staff to PNAC signatory Dan Quale, Vice President in the George H.W. Bush Adminstration.

William is the son of Irving Kristol, who is sometimes referred to as the 'godfather of the neoconservative movement'. In a book called FRIENDLY FASCISM, written in 1980 by Bertram Gross, there appears the following (1967) quote from Irving Kristol:

For any imperial policy to work effectively ... it needs moral and intellectual guidance... It is much to be doubted that the United States can continue to play an imperial role without the endorsement of its intellectual class ... It is always possible to hope that this class will ... help formulate a new set of more specific principles that will relate the ideals which sustain American democracy to the hard and nasty imperatives of imperial power. ["American Intellectuals and Foreign Policy", Foreign Affairs, July 1967, reprinted in ON THE DEMOCRATIC IDEA IN AMERICA, 1972]

                    Excerpts from FRIENDLY FASCISM: [1]

Among the many works that Irving Kristol has written is a piece called The Tragedy of Multiculturalism (1991), in which he says:
Though the educational establishment would rather die that admit it, multiculturalism is a desperate -- and surely self-defeating -- strategy for coping with the educational deficiencies, and associated social pathologies, of young blacks. Did these black students and their problems not exists, we would hear little of multiculturalism. "Neo-Conservativism, The Autobiography of an Idea, Selected Essays 1949-1995" by Irving Kristol.]
Kristol also brags about having been the one who personally arranged for Wall Street Journal editorial writer Jude Wanniski to get a grant from the AEI (American Enterprise Institute) to write the first book on supply-side economics. In addition, he "... serve[d] as a broker between conservative funding sources and the Washington-based research organizations" [2]

In his 1980 book, Gross has this to say about Irving Kristol:

During the late 1960s and early 1970s Kristol clearly saw that 'a small section of the American intellectual class has become a permanent brain trust to the political, the military, the economic authorities.' These are the men, he reported, who 'commute regularly to Washington, who help draw up programs for reorganizing the bureaucracy, who evaluate proposed weapons systems, who figure out ways to improve our cities and assist our poor, who analyze the course of economic growth, who reckon the cost and effectiveness of foreign aid programs, who dream up new approaches to such old social problems as the mental health of the aged, etc. etc.' ...... Kristol's lament was picked up by a brilliant group of neoconservatives who, clustering around such magazines as COMMENTARY and THE PUBLIC INTEREST ... levied fierce and unrelenting attacks on this new class... they are particularly scornful of those bemused intellectuals who have not yet seen the light and - in [PNAC signatory] Norman Podhoretz's term - 'broken ranks'. They have remarkable access to corporate funds, large and small foundations, and a host of new prosperous research centers and institutes. They have a strong foothold in colleges and universities. Indeed, as NEWSWEEK pointed out in 1979, 'major corporations now underwrite at least 30 academic centers and chairs of free enterprise'."

Gross cites "The Neoconservatives: The Men Who are Changing America's Politics", published in 1979, which talks about the 'Kristol-Podhoretz-Moynihan- Bell intellectuals'. Gross's work provides some good background info for anyone interested in understanding PNAC. He was, however, apparently wrong about at least one thing. "I am not sure," he says ...

... that 'realists' like Irving Kristol, Raymond Aron  [who greatly admired philosopher Leo Strauss, darling of the neocon crowd and mentor of PNAC signatory Paul Wolfowitz] , George Liska  [author of "Imperial America: The International Politics of Primacy" (1967)],  and James Burnham  [who 'embraced empire, constant frontier wars, managerialist determinism, and the warfare state' (3)]  will continue to be appreciated if they persist in writing boldly about the new American empire and its responsibilities. Although their 'empire' is diligently distinguished from 'imperialism', it will never be allowed to enter official discourse.

[ Note on Burnham: After WWII, Burnham called for an aggressive anti-Soviet strategy during the Cold War: [3]. In 1947 he wrote 'The Struggle for the World', in which he called for an 'American empire' with 'decisive world control'. And then he resigned from NYU to join the CIA [4]. For more about Burnham and how, in 1940, 'unable to see that the crimes and follies of the Nazi régime must lead by one route or another to disaster,' he had predicted that Germany would be victorious in WWII, see George Orwell's (1946) essay on Burnham: [5]. Also in that essay you'll find a discussion of Burnham's fascination with Stalin, and his admiration for him.]

In the 1990's Irving Kristoll's son William Kristol was to become principle director of the "Bradley Project":

The Bradley Foundation is a force for parental rights in its own right. In 1992 it commissioned William Kristol to do a report entitled the "Bradley Project on the '90s" to develop a conservative agenda. A 1993 Washington Times editorial written by Kristol and Jay Lefkowitz [who was appointed deputy assistant to the President in the George W. Bush Administration in 2002 [6]] "The Next Rebellion: Parents vs. the Liberals," announced "[a] new revolt by parents is brewing in the country against the cultural elite and the liberal bureaucratic state...." Michael Joyce [another PNAC signatory], president of the Bradley Foundation, used Kristol's study as the basis for a series of speeches in which he proposed that a parents movement was the cornerstone in the battle against women's and gay movements and the "nanny state." Shortly afterwards, the Bradley Foundation extended seed money to Of The People. Bradley also provides general operating support to ALEC. Bradley has also poured hundreds of thousands of dollars into the fight for school vouchers in Wisconsin and around the nation. [7]

In 2001 ultraconservative PNAC signatory Michael Joyce was called on by George W. Bush to resuscitate his floundering faith-based initiative [8]. In the same year he and other members of the PNAC group sent a letter to George W. Bush, suggesting a 'comprehensive strategy' that ...

... must aim not only at finding the people responsible for this incident, but must also target those 'other groups out there that mean us no good.'

[And] even if evidence does not link Iraq directly to the [9/11] attack, any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq.

William Kristol sits on the Council for American Policy with PNAC signatory Jeanne Kirkpatrick.

Jeanne Kirkpatrick is a member of the Trilateral Commission and the CFR [Council on Foreign Relations]. Evron [Kirkpatrick], her husband was with the OSS, State Department and was Director of the Office of Intelligence Research. His specialty was behavioral science. Since 1954, he had been the executive director of the American Political Science Association. National Security [for the Reagan Administration] was made up of CFR George P. Schultz, CFR/T, Henry Kissinger, CFR, William Casey, CFR/T PNAC signatory Casper Weinberger, and CFR Gen. David Jones [ Joint Chiefs chairman from 1978 to 1982] with David Rockefeller (Chairman of CFR/T) being an unofficial advisor. [9]

The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was America's first intelligence agency, the precursor to the CIA. In 1945, Allen Dulles (who would become the Director of the CIA in the Eisenhower Administration) negotiated the agreement with Nazi General Reinhard Gehlen to establish a Nazi spy network within the OSS [10], out of which the CIA was eventually created, via the (1946) 'Lovett Committee' - named after its chair, Robert Lovett, who was an associate of Prescott Bush [George W.'s Bush's grandfather] in Brown Brothers Harriman and would later become Secretary of Defense in the Truman Administration. When JFK asked him to be his Secretary of Defense in 1961, Lovett declined, but nevertheless wound up hand-picking the cabinet in the Kennedy Administration.

Back to PNAC signatory Jeanne Kirkpatrick's husband, Evron:

According to Christopher Simpson's book Blowback (1989), Evron Kirkpatrick bragged that his most famous Nazi acquisition was Nikolai N. Poppe the head of Soviet intelligence who worked for the Germans in Berlin before striking a deal with Kirkpatrick and the CIA. Kirkpatrick worked for ''Bloodstone,'' the State Department's covert project under the aegis of the CIA to bring Nazi war criminals to this country who could benefit our defense and military capability.[11]

About the involvement of PNAC signatories Kirkpatrick, Midge Decter and Norman Podhoretz in the (1981) formation of the 'Committee for the Free World':

If all this sounds familiar as the CPD [1976 Committee on the Present Danger] line, a glance at the membership list shows why. The executive director of the Committee was Midge Decter, friend of Kirkpatrick and wife of Podhoretz. - Peddlers of Crisis, Sanders, page 304.

PNAC signatory Richard V. Allen, Reagan's National Security Adviser (1981-82), was a founding member of CPD-II[12]. Along with PNAC signatory Midge Decter and PNAC signatory Norman Podhoretz, he was a director.

For more on Kirkpatrick and Allen, see Nixon/Allen&Kirkpatrick

Thirty two members of the Reagan Administration (six of whom are PNAC signatories were members of CPD-II:

  Ronald Reagan
  PNAC signatory Kenneth L. Adelman
  PNAC signatory Richard V. Allen
  Martin Anderson
  James L. Buckley
  W. Glenn Campbell
  William J. Casey
  John B. Connally
  Joseph D. Douglass Jr
  John S. Foster Jr
  Amoretta M. Hoeber
  PNAC signatory Fred C. Ickle
  PNAC signatory Max M. Kampelman
  Geoffrey Kemp
  PNAC signatory Jean Kirkpatrick
  PNAC signatory John F. Lehman
  Clare Booth Luce
  Paul H. Nitze (under Reagan: Chief Negotiator for Theater Nuclear Forces
    and 'Team-B' member, with Wolfowitz;
    under Nixon: role-model for Wolfowitz)
  Edward F. Noble
  Michael Novak
  Peter O`Donnell
  Richard N. Perle (member of GW. Bush administration)
  Richard Pipes
  Eugene V. Rostow
  Paul Seabury
  George P. Shultz
  R.G. Sitwell
  Robert Strausz-Hupe
  Charles Tyroler II
  William R. Van Cleave
  Charls E. Walker
  Seymour Weiss
  and Edward Bennet Williams

Also on the CPD, among others:

  Joseph Baroody
    (son of William, Sr., founder of American Enterprise Institute)
  Richard Scaife,
  Maxwell Taylor.


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